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Basic knowledge of Resin heating 2.History of Resin-3 Chronology

Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse - January 15, 1855, Nancy )

Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy )

1832 Henri Braconnot Nitrocellulose discovery Such as starch and cotton is dissolved in warm to put in concentrated nitric acid, it was found a white powdery nitrocellulose of strength retardancy and wash.
1835 Justus von Liebig Vinyl chloride powder discovery Liebig discovered that can polymer,leave exposed the solid vinyl chloride in sunlight (polyvinyl chloride) is. It is said that the beginning of the synthetic resin of vinyl chloride powder has been found.
1845 Christian Friedrich Schonbein Cellulose nitrate mass production To develop the industrial process to process the cotton in the mixed acid of nitric acid and sulfuric acid, and succeeded in mass production of cellulose nitrate, application as gunpowder began.
1851 Nelson Goodyear Ebonite development Develop ebonite to (patent us8075), it has been commercialized by Charles Goodyear, and the like.
1856 Alexander Parkes Celluloid invention ParkesIt invented the ivory artificial that the cellulose as a raw material (trademark in the first synthetic resin Parkesine), and drew attention in exhibition in London Expo of 1862. This was a resin called under the trade name of celluloid.
1868 John Wesley Hyatt Celluloid invention Celluloid invention (cellulose nitrate) is (us50359: 1865, us88633: 1869) has closed, but the first is not too hard, and is used for a film for a photographic, it becomes possible to harden it by adding a camphor, was Mashi Nisato so that it can make a pool of balls alternative of ivory.
1872 Adolf von Baeyer Pphenolic resin discovery Baeyer found a phenol resin, which can by the reaction of phenol and formalin.
1884 Hölzer Urea resin invention Urea resin was first synthesized in 1884 by Hölzer, who was working with Bernhard Tollens. In 1919, Hanns John (1891–1942) of Prague, Czechoslovakia obtained the first patent for urea-formaldehyde resin.
1898 Hans von Pechmann Polyethylene discovery Diazomethane have thermal decomposition discovered by chance a waxy substance, after Eugen Bamberger and Friedrich Tschirner. Make sure that it is a polyethylene (low density polyethylene).
1899 Arthur Smith Production method of Ebonite Method for manufacturing the UK patent on solid phenolic resin (ebonite ebonite) and (Britain patent 16274 phenol-aldehyde regins) getting a US patent (us643012).
1907 Leo Hendrik Baekeland Bakelite invention Paper on the back incorporated bleeding a phenolic resin in pulp, heating, invented the pressurized and compacted Bakelite , Germany patent: I applied for a (1908 DRP 233803). US patent (us942,809: 1909/11/7, app1909 / 9/17)
1909 Leo Hendrik Baekeland Bakelite industrialization The successful industrialization of Bakelite (Baekelite trade name), it is said that the first issue of a full-fledged synthetic resin not the flora and fauna as a raw material.
1912 Jacques Edwin Brandenberger Cellophane recipe invention Made from wood cellulose, cellophane was intended as a coating to make cloth more resistant to staining. After several years of further research and refinements he began production of cellophane in 1920 marketing it for industrial purposes. He sold the US rights to DuPont Inc. in 1923.
1909 Fritz Hofmann Polymerization of isoprene Research group of Hoffman succeeded in polymerization of isoprene, with it, the first synthetic rubber is made.
1910 Sergei Vasiljevich Lebedev Butadiene synthesis Butadiene is synthesized, the first of the rubber polymer is produced.
1914 Fritz Klatte Polyvinyl chloride synthesis method development The Griesheim electronic chemical plant (firm of Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron Germany) will apply the developed patent (us1241738) a method of synthesizing polyvinyl chloride, I tried to commercialize polyvinyl chloride, and brittle that it is hard We gave up from.
1926 Waldo Lonsbury Semon Polyvinyl chloride commercialization BF Goodrich Company is succeeded in the flexible and workable materials polyvinyl chloride by mixing various additives. The successful commercialization of polyvinyl chloride, it became the beginning of the chemical industry.
1927 DuPont Inc. Nylon development Launched a top secret research and development team, we have developed fibers, such as silk, and ultimately with the goal of making the silk stockings, and developed a nylon artificial fiber pouring $ 27 million for the subsequent 12 years I did.
1928 Rohm & Haas Inc. Acrylic resin invention (US) Rohm & Haas Co., Ltd.: acrylic resin glass development
1928 Waldo Lonsbury Semon Patent of polyvinyl chloride The filed patent of polyvinyl chloride (us1929453, us2188396), to get, we have succeeded in commercializing such as a sheet of polyvinyl chloride, practical use of polyvinyl chloride began.
1930 I.G. Farben(BASF AG) Polystyrene industrialization
1930 P. CastanS.O. Green: Epoxy resin synthesis
1931 Groupe W.H. Carothers (DuPont Inc..) Nylon named Fiber-66 “ Focusing on GJ Berchet, synthesized with the melt spinning and drawing the success of the polyamide from hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid, named “Fiber-66”, is the basis of nylon development
1933 ICI (Imperial Chemical Industrial Limited) Polyethylene synthetic method discovery British company ICI (Imperial Chemical Industrial Limited) but synthesis method to make polyethylene and ethylene in high temperature and high pressure by ICI has been discovered, but was not difficult commercialization is to reproduce the experiment, the Second World WarIt has been put to practical use in the UK in, from the fact that electrical properties were excellent, it seems to be used for the insulation of the radar cable.
1935 I.G. Farben, Henkel AG, CibaAG(Novartis AG) Melamine resin production start
1936 Carbon Carbide & Chemicals, Inc. Copolymer fiber manufacturing technology patent application of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate (established in 1939), named “Vinyon”
1938 R.J. Plunkett (DuPont Inc.) Polytetrafluoroethylene (“Teflon” after) invention
1939 DuPont Inc. Artificial fiber “product name nylon” of polyamide (PA) has been collected by the exhibitors focused on Nyuyoku Expo.
1949 ICI, Co., Ltd Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) development
1950 DuPont Inc. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PEFE) development
1958 Bayer AG, IGE nc. Each own polycarbonate (PC) development
1956 DuPont Inc. Polyacetal (polyoxymethylene) (POM), the product name “Delrin” development
1960 Celanese Corp. Acetal copolymer (PC) product name “Cercon Celcon®”, product name “DURACON DURACON” development in Japan
1964 DuPont Inc. Film “product name Kapton” development of polyimide (PI)
1965 GE, Inc. Polyphenylene ether (PPE) development
1965 UCC Inc. Polysulfone (PSF) development
1965 GE, Inc. Modified polyphenylene ether (m-PPE) development
1968 Koninklijke Philips N.V. Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) development
1970 Celanese Corp. Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) development
1971 Amoco Inc. Polyamide-imide (PAI) development
1972 Carborundum Co. Polyarylate (LCP) development
1972 ICI, Inc. Polyether sulfone (PES) development
1973 Unitika Co. Amorphous polyarylate (PAR) development
1980 ICI, Inc. Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) Development
1981 GE, Inc. Polyetherimide (PEI) development
1984 Datoco Co., Ltd The liquid crystal polyester (LCP) development


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