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Basic knowledge of Resin heating 2.History of Resin-3 Chronology

Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse - January 15, 1855, Nancy )

Henri Braconnot (May 29, 1780, Commercy, Meuse – January 15, 1855, Nancy )

1832Henri BraconnotNitrocellulose discoverySuch as starch and cotton is dissolved in warm to put in concentrated nitric acid, it was found a white powdery nitrocellulose of strength retardancy and wash.
1835Justus von LiebigVinyl chloride powder discoveryLiebig discovered that can polymer,leave exposed the solid vinyl chloride in sunlight (polyvinyl chloride) is. It is said that the beginning of the synthetic resin of vinyl chloride powder has been found.
1845Christian Friedrich SchonbeinCellulose nitrate mass productionTo develop the industrial process to process the cotton in the mixed acid of nitric acid and sulfuric acid, and succeeded in mass production of cellulose nitrate, application as gunpowder began.
1851Nelson GoodyearEbonite developmentDevelop ebonite to (patent us8075), it has been commercialized by Charles Goodyear, and the like.
1856Alexander ParkesCelluloid inventionParkesIt invented the ivory artificial that the cellulose as a raw material (trademark in the first synthetic resin Parkesine), and drew attention in exhibition in London Expo of 1862. This was a resin called under the trade name of celluloid.
1868John Wesley HyattCelluloid inventionCelluloid invention (cellulose nitrate) is (us50359: 1865, us88633: 1869) has closed, but the first is not too hard, and is used for a film for a photographic, it becomes possible to harden it by adding a camphor, was Mashi Nisato so that it can make a pool of balls alternative of ivory.
1872Adolf von BaeyerPphenolic resin discoveryBaeyer found a phenol resin, which can by the reaction of phenol and formalin.
1884HölzerUrea resin inventionUrea resin was first synthesized in 1884 by Hölzer, who was working with Bernhard Tollens. In 1919, Hanns John (1891–1942) of Prague, Czechoslovakia obtained the first patent for urea-formaldehyde resin.
1898Hans von PechmannPolyethylene discoveryDiazomethane have thermal decomposition discovered by chance a waxy substance, after Eugen Bamberger and Friedrich Tschirner. Make sure that it is a polyethylene (low density polyethylene).
1899Arthur SmithProduction method of EboniteMethod for manufacturing the UK patent on solid phenolic resin (ebonite ebonite) and (Britain patent 16274 phenol-aldehyde regins) getting a US patent (us643012).
1907Leo Hendrik BaekelandBakelite inventionPaper on the back incorporated bleeding a phenolic resin in pulp, heating, invented the pressurized and compacted Bakelite , Germany patent: I applied for a (1908 DRP 233803). US patent (us942,809: 1909/11/7, app1909 / 9/17)
1909Leo Hendrik BaekelandBakelite industrializationThe successful industrialization of Bakelite (Baekelite trade name), it is said that the first issue of a full-fledged synthetic resin not the flora and fauna as a raw material.
1912Jacques Edwin BrandenbergerCellophane recipe inventionMade from wood cellulose, cellophane was intended as a coating to make cloth more resistant to staining. After several years of further research and refinements he began production of cellophane in 1920 marketing it for industrial purposes. He sold the US rights to DuPont Inc. in 1923.
1909Fritz HofmannPolymerization of isopreneResearch group of Hoffman succeeded in polymerization of isoprene, with it, the first synthetic rubber is made.
1910Sergei Vasiljevich LebedevButadiene synthesisButadiene is synthesized, the first of the rubber polymer is produced.
1914Fritz KlattePolyvinyl chloride synthesis method developmentThe Griesheim electronic chemical plant (firm of Chemische Fabrik Griesheim-Elektron Germany) will apply the developed patent (us1241738) a method of synthesizing polyvinyl chloride, I tried to commercialize polyvinyl chloride, and brittle that it is hard We gave up from.
1926Waldo Lonsbury SemonPolyvinyl chloride commercializationBF Goodrich Company is succeeded in the flexible and workable materials polyvinyl chloride by mixing various additives. The successful commercialization of polyvinyl chloride, it became the beginning of the chemical industry.
1927DuPont Inc.Nylon developmentLaunched a top secret research and development team, we have developed fibers, such as silk, and ultimately with the goal of making the silk stockings, and developed a nylon artificial fiber pouring $ 27 million for the subsequent 12 years I did.
1928Rohm & Haas Inc.Acrylic resin invention(US) Rohm & Haas Co., Ltd.: acrylic resin glass development
1928Waldo Lonsbury SemonPatent of polyvinyl chlorideThe filed patent of polyvinyl chloride (us1929453, us2188396), to get, we have succeeded in commercializing such as a sheet of polyvinyl chloride, practical use of polyvinyl chloride began.
1930I.G. Farben(BASF AG)Polystyrene industrialization
1930P. CastanS.O. Green:Epoxy resin synthesis
1931Groupe W.H. Carothers (DuPont Inc..)Nylon named Fiber-66 “Focusing on GJ Berchet, synthesized with the melt spinning and drawing the success of the polyamide from hexamethylene diamine and adipic acid, named “Fiber-66”, is the basis of nylon development
1933ICI (Imperial Chemical Industrial Limited)Polyethylene synthetic method discoveryBritish company ICI (Imperial Chemical Industrial Limited) but synthesis method to make polyethylene and ethylene in high temperature and high pressure by ICI has been discovered, but was not difficult commercialization is to reproduce the experiment, the Second World WarIt has been put to practical use in the UK in, from the fact that electrical properties were excellent, it seems to be used for the insulation of the radar cable.
1935I.G. Farben, Henkel AG, CibaAG(Novartis AG)Melamine resin production start
1936Carbon Carbide & Chemicals, Inc.Copolymer fiber manufacturing technology patent application of vinyl chloride and vinyl acetate (established in 1939), named “Vinyon”
1938R.J. Plunkett (DuPont Inc.)Polytetrafluoroethylene (“Teflon” after) invention
1939DuPont Inc.Artificial fiber “product name nylon” of polyamide (PA) has been collected by the exhibitors focused on Nyuyoku Expo.
1949ICI, Co., LtdPolyethylene terephthalate (PET) development
1950DuPont Inc.Polytetrafluoroethylene (PEFE) development
1958Bayer AG, IGE nc.Each own polycarbonate (PC) development
1956DuPont Inc.Polyacetal (polyoxymethylene) (POM), the product name “Delrin” development
1960Celanese Corp.Acetal copolymer (PC) product name “Cercon Celcon®”, product name “DURACON DURACON” development in Japan
1964DuPont Inc.Film “product name Kapton” development of polyimide (PI)
1965GE, Inc.Polyphenylene ether (PPE) development
1965UCC Inc.Polysulfone (PSF) development
1965GE, Inc.Modified polyphenylene ether (m-PPE) development
1968Koninklijke Philips N.V.Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) development
1970Celanese Corp.Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) development
1971Amoco Inc.Polyamide-imide (PAI) development
1972Carborundum Co.Polyarylate (LCP) development
1972ICI, Inc.Polyether sulfone (PES) development
1973Unitika Co.Amorphous polyarylate (PAR) development
1980ICI, Inc.Polyether ether ketone (PEEK) Development
1981GE, Inc.Polyetherimide (PEI) development
1984Datoco Co., LtdThe liquid crystal polyester (LCP) development


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