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HS Code in Japan

HS Code and Harmonized System

The Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System, also known as the Harmonized System (HS) of tariff nomenclature is an internationally standardized system of names and numbers to classify traded products. It came into effect in 1988 and has since been developed and maintained by the World Customs Organization (WCO) (formerly the Customs Co-operation Council), an independent intergovernmental organization based in Brussels, Belgium, with over 200 member countries.

Structure

Under the HS Convention, the contracting parties are obliged to base their tariff schedules on the HS nomenclature, although parties set their own rates of duty. The HS is organized into 21 sections and 96 chapters, accompanied with general rules of interpretation and explanatory notes. First, the system assigns goods to sections, and then proceeds to assign these goods to their specific chapter, heading, and subheading, in that order, as necessary. The HS therefore assigns up to a total of 8 digits at the tariff-rate (legal) level. Two extra digits may also be assigned as statistical reporting numbers for a total of 10 digits to be listed on entries.

To ensure harmonization, the contracting parties must employ at least 4- and 6-digit provisions, international rules and notes, but are free to adopt additional subcategories and notes. Chapter 77 is reserved for future international use only. Chapters 98 and 99 are reserved for national use. Chapter 98 comprises special classification provisions, and chapter 99 contains temporary modifications pursuant to a parties’ national directive or legislation.

Classification

All existing products can be classified into the existing HS system by using the General Rules of Interpretation. Product codes can be determined according to their form and function. An example of a product classified according to its form would be whole potatoes. The classification will also change depending on whether the potatoes are fresh or frozen. Fresh potatoes are classified in position 0701.90, under the Header Potatoes, fresh or chilled, Subheader Other, while frozen potatoes are classified in position 0710.10 under the Header Vegetables (uncooked or cooked by steaming or boiling in water), frozen, Subheader Potatoes.

An example of a product classified according to its function would be an electric resistance-heated oven. The classification for an electric oven depends on whether the oven is for domestic or industrial use. An electric oven for domestic use is classified in position 8516.60 under the Header Electric instantaneous or storage water heaters and immersion heaters; electric space heating apparatus and soil heating apparatus; electro-thermic hairdressing apparatus and hand dryers; electric flatirons; other electro-thermic appliances of a kind used for domestic purposes; electric heating resistors, other than those of heading 8545; parts thereof, Subheader Other ovens; cooking stoves, ranges, cooking plates, boiling rings, grillers and roasters. Industrial electric ovens are classified in position 8514.10 under the Header Industrial or laboratory electric furnaces and ovens (including those functioning by induction or dielectric loss); other industrial or laboratory equipment for the heat treatment of materials by induction or dielectric loss; parts thereof, Subheader Resistance heated furnaces and ovens .

These rules apply to all products. Any product for which there is no current classification can be listed under the Other classification. This term encompasses all products described by the Header and Subheader of a category. The potatoes in the first example fall into this category, as they can also describe genetically modified potatoes, which were not available during the elaboration of the first HS.

HS Code Japan Product Name Japanese Name
8419.50.000 Air Blow Heater 熱風ヒーター 本体
8419.90.000 Air Blow Heater Nozzle 熱風ヒーター ノズル
8419.90.000 Air Blow Heater Connector 熱風ヒーター 用継手
8419.90.000 Air Blow Heater Stand 熱風ヒーター スタンド
8419.90.000 Mounting bracket for Air Blow Heater 熱風ヒーター T型スタンド
8419.90.000 Protector Tube for Air Blow Heater 熱風ヒーター 保護管
8538.90.900 Thermo-controller 温度調節器
8536.49.000 Solid State Relay ソリッドステートリレー
8536.50.900 Air-pressure confirmation sensor 熱風ヒーター 通風確認センサー
8414.80.100 Air volume pump 熱風ヒーター用ポンプ
8537.10.000 Air Blow Heater Controller 熱風ヒーター コントローラー
8504.31.200 Trans former 熱風ヒーター用トランス
8504.32.000
8504.33.000

 

HS Code Japan Product Name Japanese Name
8539.21.000 Halogen Point Heater ハロゲンポイントヒーター
8539.21.000 Halogen Line Heater ハロゲンラインヒーター
8539.21.000 Halogen Ring Heater ハロゲンリングヒーター
8539.90.000 Halogen Heater reflector 反射ミラー
8539.21.000 Replace lamp スペアランプ
8539.90.000 Water-cooling unit 水冷ユニット
8539.90.000 Air-cooling unit 空冷ユニット
8539.90.000 Cover Glass Window 保護ガラス
8539.90.000 Mounting bracket ヒータースタンド
8419.50.000 Water-cooling unit Cooler 水冷ユニットクーラー
8539.90.000 Flexible Stand フレキシブルスタンド
8537.10.000 Halogen Heater Controller ハロゲンヒーターコントローラー
8504.31.200 Trans former ハロゲンヒーター用トランス
8504.32.000
8504.33.000

 

HS Code Japan Product Name Japanese Name
8419.39.000 Ir Panel Heater 遠赤外線パネルヒーター
8537.10.000 Panel Heater Controller ヒーターコントローラー
8504.31.200 Trans former 遠赤外線パネルヒーター用トランス
8504.32.000
8504.33.000

 

HS Code Japan Product Name Japanese Name
8536.50.900 Drum Level Communicator ドラム缶液面計
8536.50.900 Water Surface Oil Detector 水面油膜計
8421.39.000 Ozone type sterilization deodorizer オゾン型殺菌消臭器

 

Section 16 Machinery / Electrical
Capter 84 NUCLEAR REACTORS, BOILERS, MACHINERY & MECHANICAL APPLIANCES, COMPUTERS
Heading 8414 air or vacuum pumps, compr & fans, hoods & fans, pts
8414.80.100 Other Air Pumps and Air or Gas Compressors; Other Hoods
Heading 8419 machinery etc for temp change treat mat, w heat, pt
8419.39.000 Other Dryers Other than Household Machinery
8419.50.000 Heat Exchange Units
8419.90.000 Parts of Apparatus for Treatment of Materials By Temperature
Heading 8421 centrifuges, filter etc mach for liquid or gases, pts
8421.39.000 Other Filtering or Purifying Machinery and Apparatus for Gases
Capter 85 ELECTRICAL MACHINERY & EQUIP. & PARTS, TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIP., SOUND RECORDERS, TELEVISION RECORDERS
Heading 8504 electric transform, static converters & induct, pt
8504.31.200 Other Transformers, Power Handling Capacity Not Exceeding 1kva
8504.32.000 Other Transformers, Exceeding 1kva But Not Exceeding 16kva
8504.33.000 Other Transformers, Exceeding 16kva But Not Exceeding 500kva
Heading 8536 electrical apparatus for switching etc, n/ov 1000v
8536.49.000 Other Relays, for a Voltage Not Exceeding 1,000v
8536.50.900 Switches, for a Voltage Not Exceeding 1,000v
Heading 8537 boards, panels etc with elec switch appar etc
8537.10.000 Bases for Electric Control or the Distribution, Not Exceeding 1,000v
Heading 8538 parts for elec appar etc of head 8535, 8536 & 8537
8538.90.900 Boards, Panels, Consoles, Desks, Cabinets and Other Bases
Heading 8539 electric filament or discharge lamps, parts
8539.21.000 Electric Filament Lamps, Tungsten Halogen
8539.90.000 Parts of Filament Lamps, Discharge Lamps or Arc Lamps
Heading 8543 electrical mach etc, with ind functions nesoi, pts
8543.70.000 Other Electrical Machines and Apparatus, Having Individual Functions
8543.90.000 electrical mach etc, with ind functions nesoi, pts